Roller conveyors

Roller conveyors are a material handling solution used across various industries to facilitate the smooth movement of goods and products. These systems consist of a series of cylindrical rollers supported within a robust frame. Roller conveyors can be operated manually, rely on gravity for movement, or use powered mechanisms for automation. They are particularly well-suited for transporting a wide range of items, including boxes, crates, pallets, and more.

These conveyors offer flexibility and can be customized to fit specific needs, making them indispensable in settings like warehouses, manufacturing facilities, and distribution centers. Roller conveyors can be configured to work with additional equipment, such as strapping machines, carton sealers, shrink wrapping machines and other packing machines or production machines.

We offer a wide range of high-quality and affordable roller conveyors. On our website you can find the following types of roller conveyors:

  • Gravity Roller Conveyors
  • Gravity Conveyor Belts
  • Powered Roller Conveyors
  • Belt-driven roller conveyors
  • Flexible roller conveyors
  • Line-shaft roller conveyor
  • Heavy-Duty Roller Conveyors

All roller conveyors have a warranty and are serviced in Europe. We provide fast delivery to all European Union countries, Norway and Switzerland. We offer the best prices for roller conveyors available anywhere in the European Union market.

What is a roller conveyor?

A roller conveyor is a system comprising a series of cylindrical rollers supported within a sturdy frame, designed for the effortless movement of various objects. This movement can be achieved through manual handling, the force of gravity, or powered mechanisms.

Roller conveyors offer a broad spectrum of applications and can be customized to suit diverse needs. They are adept at transporting a wide array of items, including but not limited to boxes, cardboard packages, crates, pallets, plastic totes, polybags, slave boards, and trays.

To enhance functionality, a roller conveyor system can be intelligently configured to seamlessly integrate with ancillary equipment, such as bends, gates, and turntables. This adaptability ensures that roller conveyors can cater to a multitude of requirements in different industrial settings.

Typically, roller conveyors find their most common usage in environments like warehouses and manufacturing facilities, where efficient goods transportation is a paramount consideration.

The utilization of a roller conveyor system introduces a level of versatility that can significantly enhance the operations of a conveyor or automation system. These systems are available in various materials, including mild steel, galvanized steel, plastic, and stainless steel, offering choices to suit specific durability and environmental requirements.


What are the various types of roller conveyors?

As a leading roller conveyor provider, we specialize in designing roller conveyor systems tailored to your specific needs. Roller conveyors are known by various names, including gravity roller conveyors, roller conveyor tables, or roller conveyor frames. Occasionally, people inquire about a “roller conveyor belt,” even though these systems don’t include a traditional belt. Below, we provide details on different types of roller conveyors:

Gravity Roller Conveyor: This is the most common and straightforward type of roller conveyor. It relies on the force of gravity to move items along the rollers and does not include motors for powered movement.

Gravity Conveyor Belt: Some individuals use this term interchangeably with roller conveyors, but it’s important to note that these conveyors do not feature a traditional belt. They operate based on gravity alone.

Powered Roller Conveyor: These systems incorporate motorized rollers to facilitate movement. There are two primary styles: motor-driven roller conveyors and chain-driven live roller conveyors. For detailed information on these conveyor types, follow the dedicated links.

Belt-Driven Roller Conveyor: In this type of conveyor, the rollers are driven by a belt. These conveyors are often employed for curved sections or applications that require controlled movement.

Line-Shaft Roller Conveyor: This variation of a roller conveyor is driven by a line-shaft system, offering an alternative power source.

Heavy Duty Roller Conveyors: Typically, these conveyors are equipped with rollers with larger diameters, such as 2.5 inches, 3.5 inches, or larger. They are not as common because conveyors designed for heavy loads often incorporate motorized systems.

Each of these roller conveyor types serves specific purposes and is suitable for different applications. By understanding the distinctions, you can select the most appropriate type for your material handling needs.


In which industries are roller conveyors commonly used?

Roller conveyor systems, owing to their versatility and broad applicability, are extensively utilized across various industries, with a primary focus on logistics and manufacturing. The following is a selection of industries in which roller conveyors are prominently employed:

  1. Food Processing: Roller conveyors play a vital role in the food industry for the efficient movement of products during processing and packaging.
  2. Packaging: The packaging industry relies on roller conveyors to facilitate the streamlined and organized transport of goods, helping in the packaging process.
  3. Logistics: Roller conveyors are integral to logistics operations, allowing for the smooth flow of products within warehouses and distribution centers.
  4. Mail and Parcel Delivery Services: Roller conveyors are utilized in postal and courier services for the automated handling and sorting of mail and packages.
  5. Airport Baggage Handling: In airports, roller conveyors assist in the rapid and reliable transport of passengers’ luggage between check-in, security, and the aircraft.
  6. Steel Manufacturing: The steel industry leverages roller conveyors for the movement of raw materials, intermediate products, and finished goods within steel plants.
  7. Manufacturing and Design: Roller conveyors are a cornerstone of manufacturing facilities, aiding in the assembly and transportation of components and products.

These examples represent a fraction of the industries that benefit from the functionality and efficiency of roller conveyor systems. Their adaptability and reliability make them an indispensable component in a wide range of sectors.


What to consider when selecting a gravity roller conveyor system:

When choosing the right gravity roller conveyor system for your needs, it’s important to consider several key factors:

Diameter of Rollers: Roller diameter is a crucial factor. Standard diameters include approximately 3.81 cm (1.5 inches), 4.83 cm (1.9 inches), 6.35 cm (2.5 inches), and 8.89 cm (3.5 inches). Larger diameter rollers can handle heavier loads, but they tend to be more expensive. For most light-duty loads (less than 45.4 kg or 100 pounds product weight), 3.81 cm (1.5-inch) diameter rollers are a suitable choice.

Frame Style: Typically, powder-coated steel frames are commonly used. Some models may offer aluminum frames and rollers for lighter weight requirements. Steel frames are recommended unless weight considerations are paramount. Each roller size will have a corresponding frame size. Low-profile systems, such as 3.81 cm (1.5-inch) diameter roller systems, occupy minimal space.

Length of Conveyor Sections: Conveyor sections are available in various lengths, including approximately 1.52 meters (5 feet), 2.44 meters (8 feet), or 3.05 meters (10 feet) for most roller conveyors. Longer sections generally offer cost savings per foot but may result in higher shipping costs. Longer spans, like 3.05-meter (10-foot) sections, may necessitate a center support or leg stand.

Width of the Conveyor: Conveyor width is typically measured as the distance between the two conveyor frames. Conveyors transport the load on top of the rollers. Optional side guides can help secure the load if needed. It’s also possible to have the load extend beyond the sides when necessary. Standard models often have rollers positioned slightly higher than the side frames.

Roller Spacing: Consider the required spacing between rollers, typically ranging from approximately 3.81 cm (1.5 inches), 7.62 cm (3 inches), 11.43 cm (4.5 inches), or 15.24 cm (6 inches) apart from each other, depending on your specific load and product requirements.

Individual Rollers: You have the option to purchase individual gravity rollers or gravity rollers with brackets, allowing you to customize your setup. Additionally, there is an extensive selection of conveyor parts available for integrating a comprehensive system to meet your unique needs.

Configuration: Decide whether a straight or curved configuration for roller conveyors is required for your application. Ultimation can provide guidance and options based on your specific requirements.

These considerations are essential for selecting the most appropriate gravity roller conveyor system to ensure it aligns with your operational needs, load requirements, and available space. If you need further assistance or have specific questions, don’t hesitate to contact Ultimation for expert guidance.


How to Choosing the Right Roller Conveyor

Follow this simple process to help you choose the correct model conveyor:

Choose the width of the conveyor you need based on the product dimensions. Allow at least 2.54 cm (1 inch) on each side for clearance. Consider wider widths or side guides if the product can slide sideways.

Decide on the length of the roller table you need. Lengths of approximately 1.52 meters (5 feet) or 3.05 meters (10 feet) can easily connect. Add curved sections to achieve the layout required.

Check the load rating table that shows the load capacity of each roller. Use light duty rollers with a diameter of about 3.81 cm (1.5 inches) for product loads under 45.4 kg (100 pounds). Use medium duty rollers with a diameter of about 4.83 cm (1.9 inches) and frames for loads over 45.4 kg (100 pounds). Heavy duty conveyors using rollers with diameters of about 6.35 cm (2.5 inches), 6.67 cm (2-9/16 inches), and 8.89 cm (3.5 inches) are available for extreme heavy duty loads.

Choose support centers for the conveyor legs, if required. Provide support at approximately 1.52 meters (5 feet), 2.44 meters (8 feet), or 3.05 meters (10 feet) intervals for all loads.

Following these steps will help you select the right roller conveyor for your specific needs, ensuring it aligns with product dimensions and load requirements.


How does a gravity roller conveyor operate?

A gravity roller conveyor facilitates the movement of products by harnessing the force of gravity to shift loads. These conveyors are among the simplest and most cost-effective material handling systems available. Here’s how they function:

Gravity-Driven Movement: A gravity roller conveyor relies on gravity to enable product movement. Products or items are placed on the rollers, which are slightly inclined or mounted on a decline.

Rolling Action: When a product is positioned on the conveyor, it starts to roll along the upper surface of the rollers, thanks to the force of gravity. The slight downward slope propels the products forward.

Ideal for Various Settings: Gravity conveyors are versatile and suitable for a range of environments, including warehouses, production facilities, and distribution centers, where the efficient and straightforward movement of items is required.

Most rollers for these conveyor systems are approximately 3.81 cm to 4.83 cm in diameter (1.5 inches to 1.9 inches). For heavy-duty applications, larger roller diameters of approximately 6.35 cm and 8.89 cm (2.5 inches and 3.5 inches) are available. These systems are highly customizable and can often be configured and purchased online.

The lightweight nature of gravity roller conveyors makes them suitable for both temporary and permanent situations. You can choose between permanent floor supports or temporary tripod-style stands to meet your specific needs. In addition, roller curve units can be employed to facilitate smooth product movement around corners in the conveyor system.


What are the advantages of utilizing gravity roller conveyors?

Gravity roller conveyors offer several benefits due to their reliance on the force of gravity to move items. Placing a gravity roller conveyor on a downward slope allows products to be transported without the need for an external power source. This feature yields multiple advantages, including cost-effectiveness and environmental friendliness compared to powered roller conveyors.

  1. Cost-Efficiency: One of the primary advantages of gravity roller conveyors is their cost-effectiveness. They do not require electricity or additional power sources for operation, which significantly reduces operational expenses.
  2. Environmental Friendliness: By not relying on electricity or power, gravity roller conveyors are more environmentally friendly, as they contribute to lower energy consumption and a reduced carbon footprint.
  3. Lower Maintenance Costs: The absence of a power source also translates to reduced maintenance requirements. With fewer components to manage, maintenance costs and downtime are minimized, contributing to overall operational efficiency.

However, it’s important to note that gravity roller conveyors may not be the ideal choice for every scenario. Here are a few considerations:

  • Limited Speed Control: Gravity conveyors may lack the precise speed control offered by powered conveyors. In situations where controlled movement is crucial, such as handling heavy items on steep declines, a powered roller conveyor may be a better fit to prevent potential damage to goods.

In summary, gravity roller conveyors offer cost savings, environmental benefits, and reduced maintenance requirements, making them an attractive choice for many material handling applications. However, it’s essential to assess specific operational needs and potential challenges to determine whether a gravity roller conveyor or a powered alternative is the better fit for the task at hand.


What are the advantages of utilizing a powered roller conveyor?

Powered roller conveyors offer a range of benefits that make them the ideal choice for specific material handling needs, especially when goods need to be transported over longer distances:

  1. Efficient Long-Distance Transport: Powered roller conveyors are well-suited for moving goods over extended distances. Their motorized operation ensures swift and efficient horizontal movement of items.
  2. Precise Speed Control: These systems provide the ability to control the conveyor’s speed, offering precise management of the material-handling process. This control minimizes the risk of accidents and ensures the safe and accurate transportation of goods.
  3. Heavy Load Handling: Powered roller conveyors are designed to handle heavier loads, making them a common choice in manufacturing and industrial settings where the movement of substantial and bulky items is essential.
  4. Zone-Based Control: Powered roller conveyor systems can be divided into zones, allowing individual control over each section. This zoning capability optimizes efficiency by running only the necessary zones when items are present. It reduces operating costs and enhances overall efficiency.
  5. Fault Tolerance: In case of equipment malfunctions, such as a motor failure or power supply disruption in one zone, the rest of the system can continue to function. This inherent fault tolerance minimizes downtime and ensures the continuity of operations.
  6. Automation and Labor Reduction: Powered roller conveyors enable automation in material handling processes, reducing the need for manual labor. This can enhance productivity and streamline operations.

While powered roller conveyors may have a higher initial cost compared to gravity conveyors, their advantages, such as efficient long-distance transport, precise control, and the ability to handle heavy loads, often make them a worthwhile investment, particularly in scenarios where automation, safety, and high-throughput operations are crucial.